Click on the links below to access the historical documents from the anthology of select primary sources, “Founded on Freedom and Virtue”: Documents Illustrating the Impact in the United States of the Greek War of Independence, 1821-1829 by Constantine G. Hatzidimitriou. All documents are made available courtesy of Dr. Constantine G. Hatzidimitriou.

For a complete version of the original publication first made available by the Modern Greek Studies Program at the University of Michigan, click here:
Constantine G. Hatzidimitriou, ed., “Founded on Freedom & Virtue”: Documents Illustrating the Impact in the United States of the Greek War of Independence, 1821–1829 (New York/Athens: Caratzas, 2002)

Freedom and Virtue

  1. Aspects of American Philhellenism: Edward Everett, Thomas Jefferson and Adamantios Korais; Albert Gallatin and the Marquis de Lafayette
    1. Letter of Pickering to Adamantios Korais (February 22, 1819)
    2. Edward Everett, “Coray’s Aristotle” (A Book Review in the North American Review, October 1823]
    3. The Jefferson-Korais Correspondence
      1. The First Letter from Korais to Jefferson (July 10, 1823)
      2. Jefferson’s Response to Korais (October 31, 1823)
      3. Korais’s Letter Acknowledging Receipt of Jefferson’s Communication (December 28, 1823)
      4. The Last Communication from Korais to Jefferson (January 30, 1825)
    4. A Letter from Everett to Korais (September 11, 1825)
    5. Albert Gallatin and the Marquis de Lafayette: Philhellenic Aspects of a Friendship
      1. Extract of a Letter from Lafayette to Gallatin (August 9, 1821)
      2. Extract of a Letter from Lafayette to Gallatin (July 5, 1821)
      3. Extract of a Letter from Lafayette to Gallatin (October 13, 1823)
      4. Albert Gallatin Speech in Honor of the Marquis de Lafayette (May 26, 1825)
      5. Lafayette’s Response to the Gallatin Speech
      6. Extract of a Letter from Lafayette to Gallatin (December 9, 1825)
  2. Information on the Greek Uprising Reaches America: Publications
    1. An Anthology of Newspaper Articles
    2. Printed Materials on Greece and the Progress of the War of Independence
      1. Address of the Committee Appointed at a Public Meeting Held in Boston, December 19, 1823, for the Relief of the Greeks, to Their Fellow Citizens.
      2. A Geographical View of Greece, and an Historical Sketch of the Recent Revolution in that Country
    3. Accounts by Greeks of Personal Experiences and Suffering Published in the United States
      1. Turkish Barabarity. An Affecting Narrative of the Unparalleled Sufferings of Mrs. Sophia Mazro, a Greek Lady from Missolonghi u.
      2. The Personal Narrative of the Sufferings of J. Stephanini (I. Etedavi vns) a Native of Arta, Greece 121
  3. “Greek Fire,” the Grass Roots Response
    1. Expression of Public Support for the Greek Cause
      1. Two Notices in Niles’ Weekly Register (September 20 & November 29, 1823)
      2. An Early Resolution in Support of the Greeks by the Citizens of Albany, New York (December 7, 1822)
      3. A Resolution by the Students of Columbia College (December 9, 1823)
      4. Address of the Committee Appointed at a General Meeting, Held in Philadelphia (December 11, 1823)
      5. Letter by the Students of the Theological Seminary at Andover (December 13, 1823)
      6. A Resolution of the Senate of the State of Maryland (December 16, 1823)
      7. A Resolution in Support of the Greeks of the Legislature of South Carolina (December 19, 1823)
      8. Citizens of the City of Boston Appeal to Congress (December 19, 1823)
      9. Report of a Meeting Held in Philadelphia “to Express the Sympathy of the Citizens for their Christian Brethren the Greeks …” (December 20, 1823)
      10. Sentiments of Nathaniel Rochester toward the Greek Cause (December 20, 1823)
      11. Address of the Committee of the Greek Fund of the City of New York to their Fellow-Citizens throughout the United States (December 23, 1823)
      12. Resolution Passed by the Citizens of Poughkeepsie (January 1, 1824)
      13. Kentucky General Assembly Resolution (January 7, 1824)
      14. Speech Delivered in the House of Representatives of the State of Louisiana on Moving Resolutions in Support of the Greeks (February 20, 1824)
      15. An Appeal by the People of the City of New York (December 13, 1824)
      16. Various Notices, Newspaper Articles and Letters (1824-1827)
    2. Contemporary Poetry Inspired by the Greek Revolution
  4. The “Greek Question” as an Issue of U.S. Foreign Policy
    1. Executive Contacts and Expressions
      1. A Letter from the Marquis de Lafayette to Rufus King (November 10, 1822)
      2. References to the Greek Question in the Letters of President James Madison (October 30, 1823-June 15, 1829)
      3. Extracts from President James Monroe’s Annual Messages to Congress (December 2, 1822; December 2, 1823; December 7, 1824)
      4. Correspondence between John Quincy Adams and Alexander Mavrokordatos (June 22, 1823. August 18, 1823)
      5. Extracts from the Memoirs of Secretary of State John Quincy Adams (November 16, 1822. December 1, 1825)
    2. Eighteenth Congress, January 1824: The Greek Question on the Floor of the U.S. House of Representatives
      1. Daniel Webster’s Speech on The Greek Revolution
      2. Joel R. Poinsett’s Response to Daniel Webster
      3. John Randolph’s Opposition to Daniel Webster’s Resolution
      4. George Cary’s Opposition to Daniel Webster’s Resolution
      5. Henry Clay, “On the Greek Revolution”
      6. Sam Houston’s Speech Supporting Recognition of Greek Independence
      7. Statements by Other Congressmen
    3. Afterword
      1. Appointment of William Sommerville as First Agent of the United States to Greece (September 6, 1825)
      2. The Commodore John Rodgers Mission (August 30, 1825-February 14, 1827)
      3. Estwick Evans, Extracts from “Views of Greece” (April 25, 1826-September S, 1826)
      4. A Letter from Albert Gallatin to Henry Clay, Secretary of State (October 16, 1826)
      5. Resolution by Edward Livingston, Representative from Louisiana (January 2, 1827)
      6. The Third National Assembly and Count Capo D’Istrias Thank the People of the United States (May 5 & December 4, 1827)
      7. Extract from the Presidential Message of John Quincy Adams: Twentieth Congress, First Session (December 4, 1827)
  5. The Frigate Affair: On Values and Interest
    1. Some Press Reports and a Comment by President James Madison
    2. A Review of Pamphlets Published Relating to the Frigate Affair
  6. Tangible Support: Philhellenes, Warriors and Philanthropists
    1. Popular Appeals and Contributions
    2. Letters of Edward Everett
    3. American Philhellenes in Greece: Letters, Excerpts from Reports on Conditions and Philanthropic Activities
      1. Excerpts from Col. Jonathan P. Miller, Letters from Greece
      2. Excerpts from Col. Jonathan P. Miller, The Condition of Greece
      3. Excerpts from The Journal and Letters of Samuel Gridley Howe (December 19, 1825-January 5, 1827)
      4. Letters by Howe and Miller Reporting on the Situation in Greece, and by Gregory Perdicari, a Young Greek Studying in the United States
      5. Establishment of the Greek School Committee, New York City (May 14, 1829)
      6. Plan for Promoting Common School Education in Greece Adopted by the Greek School Committee (May, 1829)